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Terminology
Patch Sewing Instructions
Tie your belt
Kyu Requirements
Terminology
· GENERAL TERMS· FORMALITIES
karateempty handonegai-shimasuplease teach me
dojotraining roomarigato-gozaimashitathank you very much
giuniformreibow
obibeltseizakneel down
sempai/senpaisenior studentkiritsustand up
moichidoone more time 
hajimebeginkiyotsukeattention
yamestopSensei-niface the teacher
yoireadyshomen-ni face the front
jodanupper areaotagi niface partner
chudanmiddle area
gedanlower area

COUNTING

migirightichione
hidari leftnitwo
shomenfrontsanthree
ushiro backshifour
yokosidegofive
mawashiroundhouserokusix
ashi o kaetechange stanceshichiseven
te o kaetechange handshachieight
mawatteturn aroundkunine
ki-aishout (as you strike)juten
· STANCES· FOOT TECHNIQUES
-- dachi (tachi)stance--geri (-keri)kick
heisoku-dachifeet togethermae-gerifront kick
musubi-dachiheels togethermawashi-geriroundhouse kick
heiko-dachiparallel stanceyoko-geriside kick
hachiji-dachinatural stanceushiro-geriback kick
shiko-dachistraddle leg stancekansetsu-gerijoint kick
sanchin-dachihourglass stancetobi-gerijumping kick
zenkutsu-dachifront stancehiza-geriknee kick
han zenkutsu-dachi half front stanceashi-baraifoot sweep
neko ashi-dachicat stancekakato-otoshiheel drop
sagi ashi-dachicrane stancefumikomistamp
· BLOCKING TECHNIQUES· HAND TECHNIQUES
--ukeblock--tsuki (zuki) punch
age ukerising blockchoku-zukistraight punch
chudan ukemiddle area blockoi-zuki lunge punch
gedan barailower area blockgyaku-zuki reverse punch
yoko ukeside blockura-zuki short punch
uchi ukeinside forearm blockfuri-zukicircular swing punch
mawashi ukeround-house blocknukite-zuki finger thrust
shotei ukepalm-heel blockshotei-zuki palm-heel thrust
ko ukewrist blockuraken-uchiback-fist strike
kake ukehook blockshuto-uchiknife hand strike
hiki ukegrasping blocktettsui-uchibottom fist strike
sukui ukescoop blockhaito-uchiridge-hand strike
· PARTS OF THE FOOT· PRACTISE FIGHTING
josokuteiball of footkumitesparring
sokutofoot edgesan dan gibasic three-step / three level sparring
kakatoheelsanbon kumitethree-step sparring
haisokuinstepippon kumiteone-step sparring (block and counter)
ashiyubitoesjiyu ippon kumitefree one-step sparring
· OTHER TERMSrandori kumitelight free style sparring (emphasis on technique)
junbi undowarm-up preliminary exercisesjiyu kumitehard and fast controlled free fighting
higu undo/hojo undosupplementary training (eg.makiwara or chishi)yakusoku kumiteprearranged sparring
bunkaitechniques and application of a kata
kimefocus
kihonbasics
shimetesting of Sanchin kata
Parts of the hand (used for striking)
Seiken (fore-fist)First fully extend all the fingers. Then, leaving the thumb extended, fold the four remaining fingers at the first and second joints. Bend the fingers until the tips of the fingers touch the third joints. Then roll the fingers inward, like you are rolling a piece of paper until it is tightly pressed into the palm. Now, fold the thumb Firmly over the fingers pressing it against the index and middle fingers. We call this fist "seiken". The part of the fist which hits the target is the knuckles of the index and middle finger. This area is called the "daikento".
Shuto (knife hand)Fully extend the four fingers pressing them tightly together. Fold the thumb against the palm. Use the side of the hand beneath the little finger. However, do not use the area closest to the bottom of the little finger. Instead, use the thicker part of the hand close to the wrist. The shuto is used to attack the opponent's face, head, temple, side, arms, legs and joints.
Haito (ridge hand)Extend the four fingers, bend the first joint of the thumb and press it against the side of the palm. Use the base of the index finger for striking. Haito is mainly used to attack the opponent's temple, chin, back of the head, throat, face area and the side of the abdomen.
Shotei (palm heel)Bend the thumb firmly pressing it against the palm. Bend the four fingers slightly. Keep the hand open. Attack with the part of the palm which is closest to the wrist. The shotei is very effective when used to attack the opponents face, abdomen, side, and the side of the abdomen. The shotei can also be used effectively to block an attack.
Nukite (finger thrust)In nukite, form a fairly level surface with the tips of the first three fingers, with a slight bend in the middle finger. The fingers are kept straight. Nukite is used to attack the solar plexus. the point between the eyes, and the armpit.
Tettsui (fist-hammer)The bottom of the fist is used to strike. Tettsui is used to hit the head, face, chest, abdomen, side of the abdomen or leg.
Koken (bent wrist)Bend the hand downward to its maximum extent and touch the thumb to the middle of the fourth finger. Use the bent wrist area to attack the opponent's face area, chest, side of the abdomen and lower part of the abdomen. Koken can be used for effective blocking.
Hiji uchi/empi (elbow strike)The tip of the elbow and the surrounding arm area are used for hiji uchi. Hiji uchi is one of the most effective arm attacks. It is used to attack the face, solar plexus or the side of the abdomen. Hiji uchi is most effective when the opponent is standing very close.
Parts of the foot (used for striking)
Josokutei (ball of the foot)By curling the toes upward and using the ball of the feet, it is possible to deliver kicks to the opponent's face area, lower part of the chin, chest, abdomen and the side of the abdomen.
Kakato (heel)The bottom of the heel area (kakato), is used for attacks to the face, solar plexus, abdomen and the side of the abdomen.
Sokuto (outer edge of foot)The edge of the outer side of the foot (sokuto) is used to attack the face, lower part of the chin, throat, chest, side of the abdomen, knee, and legs.
Sokko (instep)The ankle and toes are stretched downward, and the top of the foot from the toes to the ankle is used. The sokko is used to attack the opponent's face, the back of the head, abdomen, side of the abdomen, groin and thigh.

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